There are many built it ways to validate an input field with Angular, but sometimes you need to validate some non-standard data. This post will walk you through how to build your own directive to validate an input field.

Below we have a simple input field that is wanting an even number, but we currently have no way to validate that the user has typed a number that is actually even.

<input type="text" 
       placeholder="Even Number" />

To be able to validate this input we need to create an Angular directive.

app.directive('isEven', [function () {
    return {
        require: 'ngModel',
        link: function ($scope, element, attrs, ngModel) {
            element.on('blur change', function () {
                var isEven = function (number) {
                   if (number % 2 == 0) {
                       return true;
                   } else {
                       return false;
                var number = ngModel.$modelValue || '';
                ngModel.$setValidity('isEven', isEven(number));

There are a couple important things we did in this directive that will allow us to set the validity. In order to check if the input is valid we need a way to actually get the value of the input. To get the value of the input we need to require ‘ngModel’ and then pass it in as the forth argument on the link function. We can then access the value with ngModel.$modelValue;

Notice that we created an isEven function that will return true if the number is even and false if it is odd.

The key part to this directive is the $setValidity method we have at the end of our directive.

ngModel.$setValidty('isEven', isEven(number));

The first argument to $setValidity is a string known as the validationErrorKey. The second argument is a boolean value which we are returning from the isEven function we created.

To use the directive add is-even to the input as an attribute:

<input type="text" 
       placeholder="Even Number"
       is-even />

Now because the validity is being set you can check if the form is valid before saving the form. If the number is even the form will be valid and if the number is odd the form will be invalid.